As I promised second text of today will be about event that changed future of the world.
Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as a result of the Manhattan Project, and indirectly lead to cold war an weapon race.
Trinity used an implosion-design plutonium device, informally nicknamed “The Gadget” or “Christy Gadget” after Robert Christy, the physicist behind the implosion method used in the device. Using the same conceptual design, the Fat Man device was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945. The Trinity detonation produced the explosive power of about 20 kilotons of TNT (84 TJ). So this testing made possible for America to end war with Japan, but with great, to great cost.
In 1939 a letter was sent by prominent physicists Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning of the possibility that Nazi Germany might be attempting to build an atomic bomb. In 1942, Roosevelt authorized the Manhattan Project, as the American nuclear physics effort was called, to research and develop a nuclear device. Although Nazi Germany was defeated in May 1945, the Manhattan Project was not disbanded, and culminated in the test explosion of a nuclear device, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki a few weeks later.
The device exploded with an energy equivalent to around 20 kilotons of TNT (84 TJ). It left a crater of radioactive glass in the desert 3 m deep and 340 m wide. At the time of detonation, the surrounding mountains were illuminated “brighter than daytime” for one to two seconds, and the heat was reported as “being as hot as an oven” at the base camp. The observed colors of the illumination ranged from purple to green and eventually to white. The roar of the shock wave took 40 seconds to reach the observers.The shock wave was felt over 160 km away, and the mushroom cloud reached 12.1 km in height.
Even the scientists were surprised with impact and strength of explosion. Oppenheimer later stated that, while watching the test, he was reminded of a line from the Bhagavad Gita, a Hindu scripture: Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.
I do not know how to feel about this event. It was big historical event, but also pure destruction and death. All those great scientists and minds were using their talent and knowledge to create something so destructive that brings only death. I wonder what could have happened if they were using all the talent to help humanity. At that moment they thought that this is exactly what they are doing, stop the Nazi Germany at all cost. But Germans were defeated, and although Japanese were known for fighting to the end they were no real military threat for America itself and not to mention Allies altogether. So by my opinion this was big crime against humanity and a great stain to victory in WW2. I know that lot of my readers are from United States and will like to hear your opinion. Of course all the others are welcome to comment.
Have a great 16.07.2014.