First I would like to thank you all for the reading of my blog.
Today I will dedicate this text to one brave man who stood against racial segregation long before Rosa Parks and her famous act of refusing to seat in the back of the bus. I do not want to undermine her bravery and historical importance of her act, but it caught me with surprise when I found out about the event that happened on this day in 1942.
Probably most of you know who is Jackie Robinson famous baseball player and first African American who played in Major League Baseball. But beside that he was also the man who refused to seat in the back of the bus.
In 1942, Robinson was drafted and assigned to a segregated Army cavalry unit in Fort Riley, Kansas. Having the requisite qualifications, Robinson and several other black soldiers applied for admission to an Officer Candidate School (OCS) then located at Fort Riley.
After receiving his commission, Robinson was reassigned to Fort Hood, Texas, where he joined the 761st “Black Panthers” Tank Battalion. While at Fort Hood, 2LT Robinson often used his weekend leave to visit the Rev. Karl Downs, President of Sam Huston College (now Huston-Tillotson University) in nearby Austin, Texas; Downs had been Robinson’s pastor at Scott United Methodist Church while Robinson attended PJC.
While awaiting results of hospital tests on the ankle he had injured in junior college, Robinson boarded an Army bus with a fellow officer’s wife; although the Army had commissioned its own unsegregated bus line, the bus driver ordered Robinson to move to the back of the bus. Robinson refused. The driver backed down, but after reaching the end of the line, summoned the military police, who took Robinson into custody. When Robinson later confronted the investigating duty officer about racist questioning by the officer and his assistant, the officer recommended Robinson be court-martialed. After Robinson’s commander in the 761st, Paul L. Bates, refused to authorize the legal action, Robinson was summarily transferred to the 758th Battalion—where the commander quickly consented to charge Robinson with multiple offenses, including, among other charges, public drunkenness, even though Robinson did not drink.
He was discharged from the army and later become known as famous baseball player.
Also today is anniversary of another big event that break the racial barrier. Althea Gibson was the first black champion of Wimbledon in the tournament’s 80-year history, and the first champion to receive the trophy personally from Queen Elizabeth II.
Well I hope you enjoyed reading the text. If you have any comments, prepositions, critics fell free to comment and maybe follow my blog to show support.
Have a great 06.07.2014.